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数控阶梯轴编程为机械加工从业者提供数据参考

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作者:JZ Editor来源:JZ Robot网址:http://getmyle.com/h-nd-618.html

引言:随着我国科学技术水平的提升,加工工艺也得到了显著提升。以加工阶梯轴工件为例,详细介绍数控阶梯轴编程方法与操作步骤,希望能够为相关专业研究提供参考依据。


  阶梯轴是指不同外径组成有台阶的轴。它是轴类零件的一种,轴是支承转动零件并与之一起回转以传递运动、扭矩或弯矩的机械零件。数控阶梯轴编程主要为了熟练使用数控车床加工各种零件,为机械加工从业者提供数据参考,同时利用数控车床加工零件能够有效提高生产效率与产品质量。


  JIETIZHOUZUIZHUYAODEZUOYONGJIUSHIDINGWEIANZHUANGDELINGJIAN,GAODIBUTONGDEZHOUJIANKEYIXIANZHIZHOUSHANGDELINGJIANYANZHOUXIANFANGXIANGDEYUNDONGHUOYUNDONGQUSHI,FANGZHIANZHUANGDELINGJIANGONGZUOZHONGCHANSHENGHUAYI,BINGNENGJIANXIAOGONGZUOZHONGYIXIELINGJIANCHANSHENGDEZHOUXIANGYALIDUIQITALINGJIANDEYINGXIANG。


数控阶梯轴编程


数控阶梯轴编程


  阶梯轴加工的编程方法


  JIANDANDEJIETIZHOUSHUKONGCHEXUEBIANCHENG,SHIXUEXISHUKONGBIANCHENGDEJICHUKECHENG,ZHUYAOZHILINGSHI:

  G00ZHILING——DAOJUKUAISUDINGWEIZHILING

  G01——ZHIXIANCHABUZHILING


  G00KUAISUDIANDINGWEIDEYIDONGSUDUBUNENGYONGCHENGXUZHILINGSHEDING,ERSHIGENJUSHUKONGXITONGYUXIANSHEDINGDESUDULAIZHIXING。RUOKUAISUDIANDINGWEICHENGXUDUANQIANSHEDINGLEJINJISUDUF,ZHILINGFDUIG00CHENGXUDUANWUXIAO。


  JICHUANGZAIZHIXINGG01ZHILINGSHI,ZAIGAICHENGXUDUANZHONGBIXUJUYOUHUOZAIGAICHENGXUDUANQIANYIJINGYOUFZHILING。RUWUFZHILINGZERENWEIJINJISUDUWEILING。


  ZHUTIAOXIECHUBINGJIANGJIECHENGXUNEIRONG:


程序段号程序内容说明相对编程

O1000程序名O1001
N01G98设置为每分钟进给G98
N03T0101 M03 S600选1号刀,主轴正传,转速600T0101 M03 S600
N05G50 X50 Z50设置刀具起点坐标G50 X50 Z50
N07G00 X42.5 Z2快速定位,靠近工件G00 X42.5 Z2
N09G01 Z-45 F150粗车第一刀G01 W-47 F150
N11X46退刀U3.5
N13G00 Z2退刀,准备粗车第二刀G00 Z2
N15X39.5进刀X39.5
N17G01 Z-19.8粗车第二刀G01 W-21.8
N19X43退刀U3.5
N21G00 X50 Z50快速退到换刀位置G00 X50 Z50
N23T0202 S800换精车刀,改变主轴转速T0202 S800
N25G00 X31.91 Z2快速定位于精车起刀点G00 X31.91 Z2
N27G01 X38.91 Z-1.5 F80倒角G01 U7 W-3.5 F80
N29Z-20精车φ39W-18.5
N31X42精车阶台端面U3
N33Z-45精车φ42W-25
N35X46退刀U4
N37G00 Z2快速退刀G00 Z2
N39X50 Z50退到换刀位置X50 Z50
N40M30程序结束,主轴停止M30


  ZHU:CHENGXUBIANXIEHOU,HAIYAOJINXINGXIAOYAN、CESHI、XIUGAI、SHIQIE,RANHOUCAINENGTOURUSHIYONG。


  数控阶梯轴编程操作步骤


  1、KAIJICAOZUO

  KAIJICAOZUOLIURURUXIA:DAKAIKONGQIKAIGUAN→DAKAIDIANQIJUKAIGUAN→DAKAINCDIANYUAN→QIDONGJISUANJI→JINRUXITONGHUAZHONGSHUKONGCHERUANJIAN→DAKAIJITING。JIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,RUOCHUXIANWEIJIANQUANJIJIAGONGGONGYIZHUANGKUANGSHI,KEANZHUJINJITINGCHEANNIU,RANGZHUZHOUYUNZHUANTINGZHI,DAIWEIJIJIECHUHOU,SONGKAIANNIU,HUIFUGONGZUO。


  2、JIANLIJICHUANGZUOBIAOXICAOZUO

  ZUOBIAOXICAOZUOLIURUWEIHUILING,DIANJI+X,XZHOUZIDONGDAODACANKAODIAN。ZZHOUYONGTONGYANGFANGSHIWANCHENG,TONGDIANQIANWANCHENG“HUILING”CAOZUO。


  3、DIANDONG、BUJINYUSHOUDONGHUANDAODENGCAOZUO

  DIANDONGCAOZUOLIUCHENGWEIDIANDONG→JINJIXIUDIAO→±XHUO±Z。

  BUJINCAOZUOLIUCHENGWEIBUJIN→JINJIXIUDIAO→±XHUO±Z。

  SHOUDONGHUANDAOCAOZUOLIUCHENGWEIDIANDONGHUOBUJIN→DAOWEIXUANZE→DAOJIAQITING。

  CHAOCHENGJIECHUCAOZUOLIUCHENGWEIDIANDONG→CHAOCHENGJIECHU→±XHUO±Z。


  4、CHENGXUBIANJI

  SHOUXIAN,XINJIANCHENGXU,JUTILIUCHENGWEIF2CHENGXUBIANJI→F1WENJIANGUAN

  LI→F2XINJIANWENJIAN→SHURUWENJIANMING→SHURUCHENGXU→F4WENJIANBAOCUN。

  QICI,BIANJICHENGXU,JUTILIUCHENGWEIF2CHENGXUBIANJI→F2XUANZE

  BIANJICHENGXU→F1CIPANCHENGXU→XUANZEWENJIANMING→ENTER→JINXINGBIANJI。


  CANKAOCHENGXURUXIASUOSHI:

  %0001(HUAZHONGSHUKONGXITONG)

  T0101(WAIYUANCHEDAO)

  M03S300

  G00X30.0Z10.0

  G71U1.5R1.0P10Q20X0.3Z0.3F200

  N10G00X0

  G01Z0F100

  X16.0

  X20.Z-2.

  Z-26.0

  X23.0

  X25.0Z-28.

  N20Z-40.0

  G00X50.0Z50.0

  M05

  M30


  5、XIAOYANYUNXING

  YISHANGGONGZUOWANCHENGHOUJINXINGYUNXINGXIAOYAN,ZHENGGEXIAOYANGUOCHENGZHONG,JICHUANGBIXUCHUYUSUOZHUZHUANGTAI。SUOZHUZHUANGTAIXIA,JINZHIJICHUANGZUOBIAOZHOUDONGZUO,DANSHIS、M、TDENGJICHUANGFUZHUGONGNENGRENGRANYOUXIAO。


  LINGJIANJIAGONGSHIYIXIANGZONGHEXINGYINGYONGGONGCHENG,ZHIYOUJISHURENYUANZAIRICHANGGONGZUOZHONGBUDUANJILEIJIBENCAOZUOJINENG、SHUXIGEZHONGGUIFANYAOQIU,CAINENGZAISHIJIJIAGONGZHONGANZHAOGUIFANCHENGXUWANCHENGMEIGEGONGXUCAOZUO,SHENGCHANCHUGAOZHILIANGCHANPIN。BENWENYIJIETIZHOUGONGJIANWEILI,JIESHAOLESHUKONGJIETIZHOUBIANCHENGFANGFAYUCAOZUOBUZHOU,DUIXIANGGUANCONGYERENYUANQIDAOLEYIDINGCANKAOZUOYONG。GUANGXIKUAI3GUANYUSHUKONGJIETIZHOUBIANCHENGDEZHISHIHEYINGYONG,QINGGUANZHUWOMENBA。


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